For many the term “drug” tends to suggest illegal activity although alcohol and tobacco are the drugs that young people are most likely to try, and cannabis (pot) is the most widely used illegal drug in Toronto. The related concept of drug addiction has many different definitions. Some writers give in fact drug addiction the same meaning as substance dependence, others for example provide drug addiction a narrower meaning which excludes drugs without evidence of tolerance or withdrawal symptoms.
The term addiction is also sometimes applied to compulsions that are not substance-related, such as problem gambling and computer addiction. In these kinds of common usages, the term addiction is used to describe a recurring compulsion by an individual to engage in some specific activity, despite harmful consequences, as deemed by the user himself to his individual health, mental state, or social life.
Drug rehabilitation is an umbrella term for the processes of medical and/or psychotherapeutic treatment, for dependency on psychoactive substances such as alcohol, prescription drugs, and so-called street drugs such as cocaine, heroin or amphetamines. The general intent is to enable the patient to cease substance abuse, in order to avoid the psychological, legal, financial, social, and physical consequences that can be caused by extreme drug or alcohol abuse.
Toronto Drug Rehabilitation is able to find the appropriate addiction treatment centre from a database specific to the addicts individual needs. We understand that everyone is different and so are drug and alcohol rehab centres. The approach that we use is to match the rehab program with the addiction. This approach has a better success than choosing a program at random. All Addictions are as different as people are different. Drug Treatment Facilities that are effective with treating alcoholics can fail a hard drug user and the opposite is also true.
Substance Abuse also known as drug abuse, refers to a maladaptive pattern of use of a substance that is not considered dependent. The term “drug abuse” does not exclude dependency, but is otherwise used in a similar manner in non medical contexts. The terms have a huge range of definitions related to taking a psychoactive drug or performance enhancing drug for a non-therapeutic or non-medical effect. All of these definitions imply a negative judgment of the drug use in question (compare with the term responsible drug use for alternative views). Some of the drugs most often associated with this term include alcohol, amphetamines, barbiturates, Benzodiazepam, cocaine, methamphetamines, and opiates Use of these drugs may lead to criminal penalty in addition to possible physical, social, and psychological harm, both strongly depending on local jurisdiction. Other definitions of drug abuse fall into four main categories: public health definitions, mass communication and vernacular usage, medical definitions, and political and criminal justice definitions.
Opioid Addiction is a medical diagnosis characterized by an individual’s inability to stop using opioids (morphine/heroin, codeine, oxycodone, hydrocodone, etc) even when objectively it is in his or her best interest to do so. In 1964 the WHO Expert Committee on Drug Dependence introduced “dependence” as “A cluster of physiological, behavioral and cognitive phenomena of variable intensity, in which the use of a psychoactive drug (or drugs) takes on a high priority. The necessary descriptive characteristics are preoccupation with a desire to obtain and take the drug and persistent drug-seeking behavior.
Cocaine Addiction is psychological dependency on the regular use of cocaine. It can result in cardiovascular and brain damage, specifically in the central nervous system. The use of cocaine, depending of the severity, can cause mood swings, paranoia, insomnia, psychosis, high blood pressure, tachycardia panic attacks, cognitive impairments and drastic changes in the personality that can lead to aggressive, compulsive, criminal and/or erratic behaviors. The symptoms of cocaine withdrawal are the common sensation of “comedown” or “dopesick” who is from moderate to severe anguish, depression, weakness, anxiety, pain and craving.
Alcohol Addiction is a psychiatric diagnosis (a mental illness) describing an entity in which an individual uses alcohol despite significant areas of dysfunction, evidence of physical dependence, and/or related hardship. About 12% of Canadian adults have had an alcohol dependence problem at some time in their life. Alcohol dependence is acknowledged by the American Medical Association as a disease because it has a characteristic set of signs and symptoms and a progressive course.
Cannabis Dependence is a condition defined as the general concept of substance dependence to cannabis. Evidence suggests that cannabis users can develop tolerance to the effects of THC and experience withdrawal symptoms. Tolerance to the behavioral and psychological effects of THC has been demonstrated in humans and animals. The mechanisms that create this tolerance to THC are thought to involve changes in cannabinoid receptor function. Only a minority of cannabis users seek medical help, but demand for treatment for cannabis use disorder is increasing internationally.
Amphetamine Addiction refers to a state of dependence on a drug in the amphetamine class. Tolerance is developed rapidly in amphetamine abuse, thereby the amount of the drug that is needed to satisfy the addiction needs to be increased at regular intervals. Some researchers have reported observing the opposite effect in animal models: repeated amphetamine use can produce reverse tolerance or sensitization to the psychological or locomotor-stimulating effects of the drug. Development of sensitization to amphetamine may depend on the daily dosage of amphetamine or the amount of time elapsed since the discontinuation of repeated dosing.
Whatever your situation is right now, you can get through this, and Toronto Drug Rehabilitation can help. Substance Addiction Recovery is possible.
Toronto Drug Rehabilitation has over ten years of experience helping families and addicts recover from the horrors of substance addiction. In that time we have seen thousands of addicts and their families recover their lives and begin living clean and sober once again.
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